According to the National Hurricane Center of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) this is how Hurricanes are named.
There are six different lists of storms names that are rotated from year to year. This year’s list will be used again in 2020, but the names of particularly devastating storms are removed. For example, Katrina was replaced with Katia for 2011.
Hurricanes and tropical storms have been named since 1953. When the naming system started, storms were all given female names. In 1979, male names were added to the list and now storms alternate between male and female names.
Experience shows that the use of short, distinctive given names in written as well as spoken communications is quicker and less subject to error than the older more cumbersome latitude-longitude identification methods. These advantages are especially important in exchanging detailed storm information between hundreds of widely scattered stations, coastal bases, and ships at sea.
In the event that more than 21 named tropical cyclones occur in the Atlantic basin in a season, additional storms will take names from the Greek alphabet: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and so on. If a storm forms in the off-season, it will take the next name in the list based on the current calendar date. For example, if a tropical cyclone formed on December 28, it would take the name from the previous season’s list of names. If a storm formed in February, it would be named from the subsequent season’s list of names.
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